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Java Sparrow - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Java Rice Sparrow; Java (Rice) Finch; Java Rice Bird; Java Temple Bird

Photo © by Romy Ocon
Infanta, Pangasinan Province, Philippines, October 2005
Padda oryzivora

Lonchura oryzivora


17 cm

  • Grey upperparts and breast
  • Pink belly
  • White-cheeked black head
  • Red eye-ring
  • Pink feet
  • Thick red bill
Photo © by Karim Madoya
Tanjung Aru, Malaysia, December 2006

Sexes similar
Immature birds:

  • Brown upperparts
  • Lighter brown underparts and cheeks
  • Remainder of the head is dark grey (as opposed to black)
  • Grey bill with a pink base


Indonesia: found in Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Kangean Islands; introduced to Christmas Island, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii.


This is a monotypic species[1]. which belongs to the Estrildidae. Its closest relative seems to be the Timor Sparrow. Some authorities1, 2 place this bird in genus Padda.


Open grassland low bushes and scrub. Often seen near towns.



Diet includes grain and other seeds.


The nest is built in a tree or building. The clutch consists of up to 8 eggs.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. The species account from Birdlife International with detailed information about status in the original distribution area

Recommended Citation

External Links

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