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Great-billed Parrot - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies sumbensis. Photo by James Eaton
Sumba, Indonesia, August 2011
Tanygnathus megalorynchos


33–43 cm

  • Large red bill
  • Green head, nape and mantle
  • Bluish back and rump


South-east Asia: found in Philippines, Indonesia, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, West Timor, Moluccas, Timor, East Timor
Australasia: Papua New Guinea


ssp. megalorynchos. Photo © by THE_FERN. Foli, Halmahera Indonesia, July 2023


There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • T. m. megalorynchos:
  • T. m. affinis:
  • Southern Moluccas (Buru, Seram, Ambon, Haruku and Seram Laut)
  • T. m. sumbensis:
  • T. m. hellmayri:
  • T. m. subaffinis:
  • Babar and Tanimbar Islands (Yamdena and Larat)


Lowland evergreen forests.



Their diet consists mostly of fruit, particularly mangrove apple; also Java nut and casuarina.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2014)

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1