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Great-billed Hermit - BirdForum Opus

Photo by AWPittman
Southeast Ecuador, September 2014

Includes: Margaretta's Hermit

Phaethornis malaris


13–17·5 cm
Similar to Long-tailed Hermit


South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil


Some authors elevate subspecies margarettae as "Margaretta's Hermit", P. margarettae (e.g. [3]).


Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]:

  • P. m. insolitus: Eastern Colombia to southern Venezuela and adjacent northern Brazil
  • P. m. malaris: Suriname and French Guiana to adjacent northern Brazil (Amapá)
  • P. m. margarettae: "Margaretta's Hermit". Coastal eastern Brazil (Pernambuco to Espírito Santo)
  • P. m. moorei: Eastern Colombia to eastern Ecuador and northern Peru
  • P. m. ochraceiventris: North-eastern Peru and western Brazil to lower Rio Madeira (south of the Amazon)
  • P. m. bolivianus: South-eastern Peru to Bolivia and western Brazil (to west bank of Rio Tapajós)


Wet lowland rainforest.



Their main diet consists of nectar and small arthropods; feeding by the trap-lining method


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2014)
  3. Ridgely R.S., Gwynne J.A., Tudor, G., & Argel, M. (2016). Wildlife Conservation Society Birds of Brazil: The Atlantic Forest of Southeast Brazil, including São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. VOLUME 2 (WCS Birds of Brazil Field Guides). Comstock Publishing Associates. ISBN 978-1501704536

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