• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Great-billed Hermit - BirdForum Opus

Photo by AWPittman
Southeast Ecuador, September 2014

Includes: Margaretta's Hermit

Phaethornis malaris

Identification

13–17·5 cm
Similar to Long-tailed Hermit

Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil

Taxonomy

Some authors elevate subspecies margarettae as "Margaretta's Hermit", P. margarettae (e.g. [3]).

Subspecies

Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]:

  • P. m. insolitus: Eastern Colombia to southern Venezuela and adjacent northern Brazil
  • P. m. malaris: Suriname and French Guiana to adjacent northern Brazil (Amapá)
  • P. m. margarettae: "Margaretta's Hermit". Coastal eastern Brazil (Pernambuco to Espírito Santo)
  • P. m. moorei: Eastern Colombia to eastern Ecuador and northern Peru
  • P. m. ochraceiventris: North-eastern Peru and western Brazil to lower Rio Madeira (south of the Amazon)
  • P. m. bolivianus: South-eastern Peru to Bolivia and western Brazil (to west bank of Rio Tapajós)

Habitat

Wet lowland rainforest.

Behaviour

Diet

Their main diet consists of nectar and small arthropods; feeding by the trap-lining method

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2014)
  3. Ridgely R.S., Gwynne J.A., Tudor, G., & Argel, M. (2016). Wildlife Conservation Society Birds of Brazil: The Atlantic Forest of Southeast Brazil, including São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. VOLUME 2 (WCS Birds of Brazil Field Guides). Comstock Publishing Associates. ISBN 978-1501704536

Recommended Citation

External Links

Back
Top