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Elfin Woods Warbler - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Elfin-woods Warbler)
Photo by Stanley Jones
Maricao Forest, San Germán, Puerto Rico, November 2012
Setophaga angelae

Dendroica angelae


Upperside mostly black with white wing-bars, thin white eye-brow, broken white eye-ring, and white spots on ear-coverts and neck. Underparts are basically white with strong black stripes.

Immatures are more gray, and in even younger birds, with greenish colors replacing the black.


Elfin-woods Warbler was not discovered until 1971. It is endemic to Puerto Rico, where it is limited to two areas: eastern Puerto Rico where it is found in Luquillo Mountains, and in the west, where it is only found in the upper parts of Maricao State Forest.

It is considered threatened due to the small area of occurrence and the limited habitat. The two areas are 100 miles apart, and there is therefore very limited chance of gene flow from one area to the other.

This is an immature bird based on the grey rather than black markings
Photo by njlarsen
Maricao Forest, Puerto Rico, May 2005


This is a monotypic species[1].

Formerly placed in genus Dendroica.


The greatest chance of seeing them is in areas with dwarf forest, especially if vines are abundant.


Likes to glean insects from leaves and branches.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Avibase

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