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Cocoa Woodcreeper - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies costaricensis
Photo by Stanley Jones
Osa Peninsula, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, February 2015
Xiphorhynchus susurrans


22·5–25·5 cm (9-10 in)

  • Liver brown upper back
  • Dark brown, buff streaked, head and neck
  • Rufous upperparts, wings and tail
  • Olive-brown underparts
  • Buff streaked breast
  • Long black decurved bill with hooked tip


Central and South America
Central America: Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago
South America: Colombia and Venezuela


Formerly considered conspecific with Buff-throated Woodcreeper (X. guttatus), and still called Buff-throated in some current field guides for Central America.[1]. The latter is found only in South America.

Subspecies susurrans
Photo by revs45
Adventure Farm, Tobago, October 2011


There are 8 subspecies:[2]

  • X. s. confinis:
  • X. s. costaricensis:
  • X. s. marginatus:
  • Eastern Panama (eastern Chiriquí, Veraguas and western Azuero Peninsula)
  • X. s.s nanus:
  • X. s. rosenbergi:
  • Western Colombia (upper Cauca Valley in Valle)
  • X. s. jardinei:
  • North-eastern Venezuela (north-eastern Anzoátegui, Sucre and northern Monagas)
  • X. s. margaritae:
  • Isla Margarita (off northern Venezuela)
  • X. s. susurrans:
  • Trinidad and Tobago; one record from north-eastern Venezuela (se Sucre)


Humid lowland forest, primary and mature secondary woodland and urban woodland. Observed at heights around 622 m (2,042 ft) elevation.



It nests in tree holes or hollow stumps, lined with bark. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs.


The diet includes insects, ants and spiders. It will follow columns of army ants. Creeps up tree trunks flaking off loose bark in its search for invertebrates.


Call: kew-kew-kew-kew.


  1. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422
  2. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2015)

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