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Cinnamon Woodpecker - BirdForum Opus

Female of subspecies mentalis
Photo © by PanamaHarpy
Pipeline Rd, Panama, 21. September 2013
Celeus loricatus


19-23 cm
Crown, sides of head and upperside including wings are cinnamon-rufous with back and wings showing narrower black, wavy barring. Tail is barred in black and pale buff. Underside is mostly buff with rufous mixed in towards the upper breast and overall strongly marked with black bars. Male has throat to malar red or red-black, female has entire head including throat uniform rufous.


Male of subspecies loricatus
Photo © by COLOMBIA Birding
Potes, Pacific Choco, Colombia, May 2011

Relatively large. Subspecies diversus is larger and darker than mentalis while some individuals of innotatus can completely lack barring both above and below.


Central and South America
Central America: Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia and Ecuador; mostly west of the Andes but in Colombia also in the valleys between the parts of Andes.



Female of subspecies diversus
Photo © by Birdingcraft
Near El Zota Research Station, Costa Rica, October 25, 2012

There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • C. l. diversus:
  • C. l. mentalis:
  • C. l. loricatus:
  • C. l. innotatus:


Lowland to foothill moist forest where utilizing internal areas as well as edges, clearings and even older second growth.


Wide variety of food utilized, including ants, termites, and similar but also fruit including bananas. Seems to prefer canopy but comes lower sometimes (e.g., at edges and clearings). Not a frequent follower of mixed species flocks.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ridgely, R.S., & P.J. Greenfield (2001). "The Birds of Ecuador - Field Guide". Comstock/Cornell Paperbacks. ISBN 978-0-8014-8721-7
  3. Ridgely & Gwynne 1989. Birds of Panama. Princeton Paperbacks. ISBN 0691025126
  4. Winkler, H. and D. A. Christie (2020). Cinnamon Woodpecker (Celeus loricatus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.cinwoo1.01

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