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Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Mark Harper
Tutukey, Leti, Indonesia, October 2018
Todiramphus australasia

Halcyon australasia Todirhamphus australasia (sic.)


21 cm (8¼ in)

  • Cinnamon head with black band
  • Rufous lores and eyebrows
  • Black mask
  • Golden upper back, throat and underparts
  • Turquoise back


South-east Asia found in Indonesia, Lesser Sundas, Lombok, Sumba, West Timor, Moluccas Islands, Tanimbar Islands and Timor.


Was previously Halcyon australasia but now belongs to the genus Todiramphus. The Sibley-Monroe spelling of the scientific name (Todirhamphus australasia) is incorrect. Clements and Howard & Moore both use Todiramphus australasia. More details in this discussion.


There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • T. a. australasia:
  • T. a. tringorum
  • Lesser Sundas (Romang)
  • T. a. interpositus
  • eastern Lesser Sundas (Leti, Moa)
  • T. a. dammerianus:
  • Eastern Lesser Sundas (Babar and Damar)
  • T. a. odites:
  • Tanimbar Islands (Yamdena and Larat)


Monsoon forest to 700 m, and gardens.



The diet consists of insects, their larvae and other invertebrates.

They perch at various levels, and are thought to be ground feeders.


Click on photo for larger image <gallery> Image:Cinnamon-banded_Kingfisher.jpg|Photo © by James Eaton
Bipolo, West Timor, Indonesia, July 2006


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.1)_red. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Avibase
  4. BirdLife International
  5. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2019)

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External Links

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