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Buff-bellied Hummingbird - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies chalconota
Photo © by Lejun40
McAllen Texas, February 2010
Amazilia yucatanensis


Female, subspecies chalconota
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Estero Llano Grande State Park, Weslaco, Hidalgo County, Texas, USA, April 2017

10-11 cm (4-4¼ in)

  • Metallic green head and breast
  • Gold-green throat
  • Green back
  • Buff underparts
  • Rufous wings and tail
  • White underwing
  • Long thin bill

Sexes similar

Similar species

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Berylline Hummingbird which has a rufous wing panel and dark bill.


North and Central America
USA: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana and Texas: outside of Texas, it is rare away from the Gulf Coast
Mexico along the Gulf Coast from Texas to the east end, including entire Yucatan
Central America: Guatemala, Belize and Honduras, all in the areas of Yucatan closest to Mexico.



Subspecies chalconota
Photo © by zerb21
Valley Nature Center, Weslaco, Texas, February 2004

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • A. y. yucatanensis:
  • A. y. chalconota:
  • Southern Texas (lower Rio Grande Valley) to north-eastern Mexico
  • A. y. cerviniventris:
  • Southern Mexico (Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca and Chiapas)


Mixed forests, brush, riparian woodland and savanna. Subspecies chalconota seems to prefer more open pine/oak forests.



The diet includes nectar and insects. Visits garden feeders.


Subspecies cerviniventris
Photo © by hawkwatch
Tlacotalpan Veracruz, Mexico, March 15 2008

The female builds the nest in a tree or shrub. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs.


Partial migrant.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2014)
  4. USGS

Recommended Citation

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